Strong Association Between Migraine and Transient Global Amnesia: A National Inpatient Sample Analysis

The purpose of this article was to explore sex- and race-specific variables and comorbidities associated with transient global amnesia (TGA) using a nationally representative database.

Data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample using ICD-9 and procedure codes.

Descriptive and survey logistic regression analyses were conducted and adjusted for influence of comorbidities, demographic characteristics, and hospitalization-related factors.

Patients with migraines were 5.98 times more likely to also have a diagnosis of TGA compared with patients without migraines.

Similarly, patients with TGA were more likely to have hypertension, precerebral disease, and hyperlipidemia.

The odds of being diagnosed with TGA was lower among African Americans and Hispanics as well as among patients classified as Asian/Other, compared with Caucasians.

TGA was associated with lower hospital charges ($14,242 versus $21,319), shorter hospital stays (mean days: 2.49 [SE=0.036] versus 4.72 [SE=0.025]), and routine hospital discharges (91.4% versus 74.5%).

Patients with migraines and patients classified as Caucasian had higher odds of being diagnosed with TGA.

All minority populations showed a lower rate of diagnosis that fell short of statistical significance.